Philosophy of religion

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A Philosophical Defense of God’s Existence : This 8 page paper discusses the presence of God in the world despite the evil that exists in the world. The argument is based on philosophical arguments rather than religious, and draws on both classic philosophical thought and contemporary theory. Bibliography lists 13 sources. Goddoes.doc

Existence of God Analyzed : This 8 page research paper examines the philosophical inquiry into the existence of God. Specifically evaluated are the positions held by two opposing philosophers, Roman Catholic theologian Thomas Aquinas, who asserted that God exists, and British philosopher David Hume, who contended that there is no proof that God exists. A critique of these arguments is provided, as well as a definitive conclusion as to which is the most convincing. Bibliography lists 7 sources. G-dExist.wps

The Existence Of God / Philosophical Arguments : This 20 page research paper assesses the age-old philosophical question on whether or not God exists. Specifically discussed are arguments presented by such theologians and philosophers as St. Anselm, Thomas Aquinas, Rene Descartes, G.W. Leibniz, Immanuel Kant, and Soren Kierkegaard who argue in favor of God's existence and Baruch Spinoza, David Hume, Friedrich Nietzsche, Jean-Paul Sartre, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Bertrand Russell, who argue against God's existence. Bibliography lists 15 sources. Godexis2.wps

Spinoza’s Notion Of God & The Link Between God And Nature : This 7 page paper considers Spinoza’s perspectives on the notion of God and the existence of God in defining an understanding of man’s existence in nature. This paper also considers the arguments of Spinoza as they are in direct conflict with the perspectives of Descartes and considers the presentation of this argument by Spinoza as a challenge against Descartes primary Cartesian premise. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Spinoza.wps

God Does Exist : This 10 page essay addresses the question of God's existence. To prove that He does exist the writer cites numerous philosophers who have written on the issue as well as more recent articles regarding the existence of God. As one of the sources cited said, "Those who try to find substitutes for God not only fail, and often bring down misery on themselves, they throw away something marvelous." Bibliography lists 8 sources. Godexist.wps

Existence of God / Argumentative Essay : A 5 page paper which assumes the writer believes in God, but is presented with an argument denying the existence of a higher power. Over a period of time, no flaws can be found in this argument. Would this cause the person to stop believing in God, why or why not? Bibliography lists 1 source. Godyes.wps

National Philosophy Day / Plato, Descartes and Wittgenstein on Proving God :
A 6 page paper developed around the hypothetical declaration of ‘National Philosophy Day’ -- relating the arguments of Plato, Descarate, and Wittgenstein, all brought to the present by a time machine, and their considerations regarding the existence of God. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Natphild.wps

Comparative Philosophy / Blatchford vs. Stace & Hempel vs. Pierce : 4 pages worth of philosophical essays comparing the theories of Blatchford with those of Stace on various issues concerning freewill, existence, determination, etc; Theories of Hempel and Pierce are discussed as well. No Bibliography. Philosop.wps

Essays in Philosophy / God & Nature of Man's Soul : 3 pages worth of philosophies concerning God's existence and the validity of Western bible myths/stories. Also examined are the nature of man and his soul. Discussed are the applicable theories of Aristotle, Descartes, and Hume. No Bibliography. Philessa.wps

David Hume On Miracles : A 12 page paper that considers Hume's arguments about miracles and the importance of his findings on the essence of religious thought. This paper demonstrates that Hume's argument not only suggests that there is no way of proving the testimony of miracles, but that this also brings into question the existence of God. Bibliography with 6 sources. Miracles.wps

David Hume : In 5 pages the author counters David Hume's claim that God does not exist. "The conclusive evidence that exists all around proves that God does indeed exist. Hume has examined the evidence of God and has turned a blind eye to it. He has made up his mind that God does not exist. He has become prejudice against the evidence of God, and dismissed it simply because he chose not to believe in it." Bibliography lists 2 sources. Dhume.wps

Descartes v. Hume : A 5 page paper that explores Descartes’ linear deductive reasoning versus Hume's composite theories based on cause and effect with regard to human nature. The writer argues that Descartes view was based on reasoning and his view is undermined by Hume's causation. Bibliography lists 2 sources. Deschume.wps

David Hume's Views on Reason & Sentiment in Moral Judgment : This 9 page research paper examines British philosopher David Hume's impressions on the roles of reason and sentiment in making moral judgments. Specifically considered will be an assessment of Hume's conclusion that morality is a concept more properly felt than judged. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Humejudg.wps

The Nature of "Self" : A 6 page research paper and analysis that examines the question: "Does our existence precede our essence?" The writer argues that it does not and substantiates this argument with quotations from Descartes, Hume, Locke and Kant. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Natself.wps

Freewill In The Book of Job vs. The Odyssey : A five page essay comparing Job to Oedipus from Sophocoles "Oedipus The King." Issues such as free will are discussed throughout. No Bibliography. Bookofjo.wps

Rational Arguments for the Existence of God : An 8 page paper discussing philosophical arguments for the existence of God. Bibliography lists 4 sources. arggod.doc

"Can God Guarantee Eternal Happiness?" : 10 page comprehensive philosophical essay on God and Free Will. The theories of Kierkegaard, Hume, and many others are critically examined. No Bibliography. God&fre.wps

Why Petition God? : This 5 page paper addresses this question from the viewpoint that since God is omniscient and omnipotent, why should man pray for anything. Issues discussed include free will, Divine planning and arguments about the usefulness of prayer with examples that relate to everyday life. Petgod.wps

Descartes / First Meditation : A 5 page essay on the meditation of philosophy by Descartes. The author analyzes the arguments for Descartes belief in universal doubt and the existence of God. Desmed.wps

Descartes' Third Meditation : A 5 page comprehensive analysis of Descartes' third meditation in which the philosopher affirms that he is a thinking being who doubts and affirms, denies and knows. From this foundation, Descartes presents and evaluates arguments concerning God's existence. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Descart2.wps

(more papers on DESCARTES in the "traditional philosophies" section !)

Anselm Of Canterbury & His Ontological Argument : This 5 page essay briefly reviews the life and work of St. Anselm (1033-1109) who has been known as one of the forebearers of early theological hypothesis. The bibliography lists four sources. Anselm.wps

The Ontological Argument of St. Anselm of Canterbury & Gaunilo’s Response : St. Anselm of Canterbury’s Ontological Argument, his substantive reasoning for the existence of God, is outlined in his "Proslogion." Though the essential components to St. Anselm’s argument were utilized by philosophers and theologians in later years, including Immanuel Kant, it was not without criticism. Gaunilo, a monk of the abbey of Mamoutier, did not accept the premises presented by St. Anselm, and Gaunilo wrote a his retort to St. Anselm’s suppositions entitled "A Reply on Behalf of the Fool." This 6 page paper presents an overview of the arguments of St. Anselm and then reflects upon the significance of the challenge presented by Gaunilo. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Stanselm.wps

Christianity And Medieval Civilization : A 6 page paper tracing three specific Christian precepts through the Confessions of St. Augustine, Beowulf, the Song of Roland, and Dante’s Divine Comedy. The paper suggests that cultures which were not obsessed with warfare and self-defense fared better at incorporating Christian tenets into their behavioral patterns. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Chriciv.wps

Does God Exist ? : Approximately 80 pages (available in much smaller sections or chapters) containing thorough analyses and assessments of arguments for and against the existence of God. Excellent for studies in religion, philosophy etc; Please send e-mail for more details. Bibliographic references are available. Exist.wps

Philosophy of Determinism Analyzed : This 5 page research paper examines the school of philosophy known as determinism. Specifically discussed are the teachings of Baruch Spinoza, B.F. Skinner and Walter T. Stace to ascertain if determinism is true and if a belief in determinism implies that man does not have to be held morally responsible for his actions. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Phildetr.wps

Freewill vs. Determinism : This 5 page paper discusses whether or not the philosophical concepts of determinism and free will are compatible with each other. Freewill.wps

The Battle Between Freewill & Determinism / Arguing In Favor Of Freewill : In 7 pages the author discusses the age long battle between the doctrines of freewill and determinism. The writer posits that mankind does, indeed, have freewill. Bibliography lists 1 source. Battlefd.wps

Arguing Against the Concept of Freewill : A 6 page philosophical essay in which the writer argues that we can not prove the existence of free will. This is a well-written, well-devised argumentative paper based upon available research. The ideas of Kant, John Calvin, and others are refuted. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Freewill.wps

Free Will / Calvin, Descartes & Hegel : A 6 page paper that considers what the response of these philosophers would be to the question: "does it make any difference whether or not people have free will ?" Bibliography lists 5 sources. Freew.wps

Arguing Against Kierkegaard's Proof of God's Existence : A 3 page analysis of Kierkegaard's philosophy that we reason from existence and not towards existence and therefore God must exist. The writer is extremely critical of Kierkegaard's argument and makes a number of strong points to counter the philosopher's reasoning. No Bibliography. Kierkega.wps

G.F. Leibniz's Theory of Monads : A 4 page critique of Gottfield Wilheml Leibniz's Monad theory which attempts to describe a harmonious universe made up of an infinite number of monads, or units, arranged in a hierarchy and originating in the Supreme Monad, which is God. The writer feels that Leibniz's theory is both vague and overstated-- leaving room open for much question. No Bibliography. Leibniz.wps

G.F. Leibniz's Theory of Monads # 2 : Similar to Leibniz.wps, this 3 page essay looks at some of the reasons for Leibniz's creation of a Monad theory in light of the works of Newton & others. In the writer's opinion, the Monad theory was used to fill some unseen "gap" created by unclear ideas such as gravity. Leibniz2.wps

Ontology as it Relates to Philosophy : A 7 page paper that considers the concept of ontology as it relates to philosophy, with specific concern for the works of Heidegger, Aristotle and St. Anselm. This paper first presents a basic overview of the ontological, and then considers the significance of the ontological argument within the realm of philosophy. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Ontol.wps

Invalidating the "First Cause" Argument for God's Existence : 9 pages analytically assessing the concept of "First Cause." Citing the work and theories of such historical thinkers as Sartre, Hume, and Kant-- the writer presents both sides of the argument and concludes the analysis by determining that the First Cause argument falls short of proving God's existence (note : writer does not attempt to disprove God's existence- only to invalidate the First Cause argument). Bibliography lists 5 sources. Firstcau.wps

A Critique of Paley's "Watchmaker" Argument : 3 pages in length. A short, yet insightful critique of Paley's "watchmaker" argument for the existence of God. The writer briefly presents Paley's logic, discusses the merit of his reasoning, and then proceeds to debate the incompleteness of the philosopher's proposition. While we can say that a person created a clock or a watch, we can not necessarily say with the use of such an analogy that anything even remotely similar to a person designed the universe. After all, a person could not have created the material that a rock is made from...A person could not have create the basic natural elements. A watch exists because a person made it but a watch is not the most basic element--(Further reasoning provided in essay). No Bibliography. Paleygod.wps

St. Aquinas : A 3 page essay evaluating St. Aquinas' argument for the existence of God. No bibliography. Aquinagd.wps

St. Thomas Aquinas : An 8 page paper that presents many of St. Thomas' points in refutation of Aristotelian philosophy, including those on the existence of god, and the dual sciences of philosophy versus the sacred text (i.e., from the Summa Theologica). Bibliography lists 6 sources. Aquinas.wps

Aquinas’ "On The Eternity Of The World" : A 9 page paper which evaluates "On the Eternity of the World" by St. Thomas of Aquinas. This particular work of Aquinas’s is described from the beginning in such a way that illustrates the many different notions that one may obtain in regards to the apparently simple statements that Aquinas makes. As the works are further discovered and discussed there are many issues which are more thoroughly detailed which brings the reader into a position where a much clearer understanding of the statements is attained. Throughout the evaluation of the work there are examinations which detail some of the weak and the strong points made by Aquinas. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Aquinet.wps

Eternity : A 5 page paper discussing the relevancy of time and eternity in relationship to a supreme being, or God. The issues discussed are essentially based on the essay titled "Timeless Eternity" by Brain Davies. The theories discussed address the essential quality of time which is a highly opinionated reality. If time is nothing more than an illusion then God does not exist in any form within such confines as a time frame. The theories addressed within Davies essay are all essentially confining the divine essence and the subject of eternity within human ideas which address the reality of time. No additional sources cited. Diveter.wps

Are Dreams Meaningful ? : This 3 page essay discusses whether or not dreams are meaningful. The writer draws heavily upon the thought of Thomas Aquinas to demonstrate that they are meaningful in terms of how their symbology relates to "real life." Bibliography lists 5 sources. Dremean.wps

Thomas Aquinas’ Concept of Happiness Analyzed : This 12 page research paper examines the conception of happiness in human terms, according to Catholic theologian and philosopher, Thomas Aquinas. Specifically discussed are Aquinas’ views on how what constituted happiness and how man could happily live life. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Aquihap.rtf

St. Augustine : 4 pages in length. Essay discusses St. Augustine's biography and his arguments for God's existence. Augustne.wps

Problems of Religion : A 9 page paper discussing the views of Karl Marx, Frederick Nietzsche and Sigmund Freud regarding the role of religion in the lives of individuals and assessing the success of each in dismissing its perceived worth. Marx forbade it; Nietzsche ridiculed it as outside the realm of reality for the true thinker; Freud accused it of burdening the human race with the guilt with which we all, according to him, struggle. While each of these philosophers believed themselves to be quite successful in making religion disappear for their own purposes, neither could continually keep it at bay. Bibliography lists 11 sources. Reliprob.wps

Marx & Religion : An 11 page research paper which posits that Marx’s theories promoted anti-religious sentiments. The writer explores Marx’s training with Hegel and various views on Marx’s treatment of religion. The writer explores the views of critics who believe Marx purposely left religion out of his theories for the purpose of not confusing the issue of creating a proletarian state, and other critics who view Marx as being anti-religion to the point of stealing his ideas from the Rerum Novarum. Of Marx’s theories explored are "The German Ideology" and the "Manifesto of the Communist Party." Bibliography lists 10 sources. Cnmarxre.wps

Article Review / Demythologization in the Theology of Karl Rahner : A 3 page paper reviewing this article from [The Journal of] Theological Studies. The writer discusses Rahner's particular view of God and his existence in the world. From a metaphysical perspective, Rahner’s attempts to "demythologize" God are for the purposes of making Him a more active presence, one which isn’t restricted to "god-like" events, but one which is with us every day. Full citation for article is provided. Rahner.wps

Chopin’s "The Awakening" vs. Ellison’s "Invisible Man" : A 9 page exploratory research paper investigating the philosophies of determinism and free will, in particular, how these concepts are depicted in two specific works, The Awakening and The Invisible Man. First, explanations of determinism and free will are presented, then a brief discussion about their inclusion in literature. Finally, an exploration and defense for each philosophy in each of the two books is presented. Bibliography is included. Determ.wps

Comparing Josef Pieper’s "Faith, Love & Hope" with "Love Alone:The Way of Revelation" by Hans urs von Balthasar : This 11 page report discusses the viewpoints of two of the 20th century’s leading theologian/philosophers. While von Balthasar presents a more philosophical interpretation of theological and anthropological human events, Pieper (often thought to be the 20th century’s greatest expert on Thomas Aquinas) allows for the application of traditional religious thought in modern life. Bibliography lists only the two books discussed as sources. Piefalov.wps

Fictional, Phil. Conversation Between A Materialist & Me : A 6 page philosophical running dialogue between two individuals, one taking the viewpoint that nothing exists except that which can be proven by the senses, and the other taking the viewpoint that the essence of humanity is its relationship to God. No sources. Material.wps

Influence Of Religion : This 4 page paper presents a debate on whether or not religion is good for man. Religion is seen primarily as a negative influence through the seventeenth century. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Infrel.wps

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